Home > Anything Else, Theology and Eschatology > Daniel 9:27 And The Confirmation Of The Covenant – A Peace Treaty?

Daniel 9:27 And The Confirmation Of The Covenant – A Peace Treaty?


By ICA

Daniel 9:27, “Then he shall confirm a covenant with many for one week; But in the middle of the week He shall bring an end to sacrifice and offering. And on the wing of abominations shall be one who makes desolate, Even until the consummation, which is determined, Is poured out on the desolate.”

Also See: Daniel 9:27 Redux: Will Antichrist Make A False 7-Year Peace Treaty With Israel?

20120727-israelOn July 27, 2012, US President Barack Obama signed S. 2165, the United States-Israel Enhanced Security Cooperation Act in the Oval Office. An official posting on The White House Blog revealed that:

President Obama signed the United States-Israel Enhanced Security Cooperation Act with an eye toward helping to strengthen the military edge Israel currently enjoys.

“I have made it a top priority for my administration to deepen cooperation with Israel across the whole spectrum of security issues — intelligence, military, technology,” the President said. “And, in many ways, what this legislation does is bring together all the outstanding cooperation that we have seen, really, at an unprecedented level between our two countries that underscore our unshakeable commitment to Israel security.”

Is this the “confirmation of the covenant” that the prophet Daniel spoke about in Daniel 9:27? Some in the Christian community are already wondering if it could be. But, alas, I have to say no, and there will likely never be any sort of “peace treaty” between Israel and the Muslim world surrounding her. Why do I say that, you ask?

Daniel’s 70th Week: Fulfilled or Not Yet Fulfilled?

First, we should understand that there are three views regarding the 70th week of Daniel, the time in which Daniel writes about “confirming the covenant”.  These three views state that the 70th Week is either: A. Already fulfilled, B. Partially fulfilled, or C. Not yet fulfilled.

Although the first view — that the 70th Week of Daniel has already been fulfilled — is the most prevalent view throughout church history, I currently lean towards the second view that it is partially fulfilled only. To the surprise of some, the popular position held by many premillennial Christians today which teaches that the 70th Week of Daniel is still awaiting a full future fulfilment is largely a relatively recent invention and, aside from Ireneaus and his student Hippolytus who put a date on Christ’s second coming around 500 AD that has long since come and gone, was never taught prior to the 19th century. We can verify this by reading any book on Biblical eschatology prior to Edward Irving and John Nelson Darby. Not only is this position the newest, it is, in my view, the weakest as well.

Today’s prevalent view teaches that Christ being “cut off” (crucified) was what ended the 69th week and that we are now in the midst of a 2,000 year gap in between the 69th and 70th weeks. Let’s take a look at verses 25 and 26 to see if this is what the text of Daniel teaches:

Daniel 9:25-26a, “Know therefore and understand, that from the going forth of the command to restore and build Jerusalem until Messiah the Prince [the Anointed One comes], there shall be seven weeks and sixty-two weeks; The street shall be built again, and the wall, even in troublesome times. And AFTER THE SIXTY-TWO WEEKS Messiah shall be cut off [killed], but not for Himself …”

Let us play close attention to the text emphasized above. If we read the text carefully it becomes apparent that Daniel 9:26 does not say that the cutting off of Messiah (meaning “Anointed One”) is what ends the 7+62 weeks, as the full futurist view assumes. Rather, Daniel is saying that after the 7+62 weeks is when the Messiah would be “cut off.” In other words, the Messiah is killed during the 70th week. The NIV renders Dan 9:26 to say that He “will have nothing”, however the Hebrew also means “but not for Himself”, which is precisely how it is translated in many Bibles. The Messiah would die after the 69th week had ended, but He would not die for Himself. Why? Because He would be dying for others. This describes Christ’s work, His substitutionary death on the Cross, perfectly.

Let’s also note that in 9:25 Daniel wrote that from the time the word goes out to restore and rebuild Jerusalem until the Anointed One comes there will be 7 “sevens” and 62 “sevens.” In other words, Daniel is telling us that at the end of the 7+62 weeks the Messiah would come. Daniel does not say that “from the time the word goes out to restore and rebuild Jerusalem until the Messiah rides into Jerusalem on a donkey” or “until the Messiah is killed” there would be 69 weeks.  Daniel said until the Anointed One comes, which is to say, is made known publicly or is revealed. Jesus had already been well known for a few years prior to His “Triumphal Entry” into Jerusalem and His subsequent death. The question, therefore, is when was the Anointed One revealed? According to Scripture, it happened the day He was baptized by John the Baptist when “John saw Jesus coming toward him, and said, ‘Behold! The Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world! This is He of whom I said, ‘After me comes a Man who is preferred before me, for He was before me.’” (John 1:29-30). Notice what John says next: “I myself did not know Him, but the reason I came baptizing with water was that He might be revealed to Israel.” (v 31). And indeed, the Anointed One has now come, “And John bore witness, saying, ‘I saw the Spirit descending from heaven like a dove, and He remained upon Him’” (v 32). Jesus is anointed and is now revealed to Israel as Messiah in fulfillment of Daniel 9:25. This is what started the 70th week.

On the basis of Scripture alone, I am therefore persuaded to believe that Christ is the One Himself who already fulfilled at least the first half of Daniel’s 70th week. When it was pronounced to Daniel that 70 weeks (each “week” being 7 years) were determined for his people and that the Messiah would be “cut off” after the first 69 weeks, the most logical and straight-forward reading the text is telling us that the death of the Messiah is what would take place sometime during the last week. Moreover, the fact that the Messiah is mentioned more times in Daniel 9:24-26 than anyone else only stands to reason that the Messiah is Daniel’s primary focus. After speaking about the Messiah and what He would accomplish, Daniel then writes:

Daniel 9:27a, “And he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week: and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease…”

If a covenant was subsequently confirmed by Christ, then Scripture should affirm this elsewhere. And does it? Let’s allow Scripture to speak for itself and compare Daniel 9:27a above with the following verse below:

Galatians 3:17, “And this I say, [that] the covenant, that was confirmed before of God in Christ, the law, which was four hundred and thirty years after, cannot disannul, that it should make the promise of none effect.”

Not only does it imply as much, Galatians 3:17 uses the exact same language as Daniel 9:27a, indicating that the Apostle Paul — an expert on the Old Testament — was referring directly to Daniel, telling us that Daniel’s 70 weeks did not stop once the 69th week came to an end. It continued right into the 70th week.

Daniel gives us a sequence of events. Messiah is revealed at the end of the 69th week, and once He is revealed the 70th week begins, the time during which Messiah would be “cut off.” The Hebrew word for “cut off” is karath, which means to cut down or kill and although it is frequently used in the sense of being rejected, it is also used 54 times in the Old Testament in the context of being killed (eg. Exodus 31:14). And indeed, something pivotal took place about 3.5 years after the 70th week began when the Lamb of God was anointed and began His earthy ministry. Not only was the Messiah rejected by the people (Psalm 118:22; Matthew 21:42), He was also crucified in accordance to the plan of the Father for the sins of the world.  As the Prophet Isaiah wrote, “He was cut off from the land of the living; For the transgressions of My people He was stricken” (Isaiah 53:8), and being cut off and the shedding of His blood would be, according to the words of Messiah Himself, the confirmation of the covenant for many:

Matthew 26:28, “For this is My blood of the new covenant, which is shed for many for the remission of sins.”

Jesus is the Messiah, the Anointed One. He is the Lamb of God. He is our Passover. Because of His sacrifice, the sacrifices and oblations (offerings) of the old law ceased. Even though Jews who rejected Jesus as the Messiah continued to offer sacrifices, they would no longer be acceptable to God and were now abrogated through Messiah’s sacrificial death once and for all:

Hebrews 8:6-8, “… he [Christ] is the mediator of a better covenant, which was established upon better promises. For if that first [covenant] had been faultless, then should no place have been sought for the second.”

Hebrews 10:1-10, “For the law … can never with these same sacrifices … make those who approach perfect. For then would they not have ceased to be offered?… For it is not possible that the blood of bulls and goats could take away sins. Therefore, when He came into the world, He said: ‘Sacrifice and offering You did not desire, But a body You have prepared for Me. In burnt offerings and [sacrifices] for sin You had no pleasure. Then I said, ‘Behold, I have come — In the volume of the book it is written of Me — To do Your will, O God.’’ … then He said, ‘Behold, I have come to do Your will, O God.’ He takes away the first that He may establish the second. By that will we have been sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once [for all].”

Rightly Dividing

There is nothing in Scripture that I could find to suggest a pause in between the 69th and 70th weeks, as the popular full futurist position attempts to do today. But a pause in time, however, is not out of the question in the middle of the 70th. Admittedly, I could be wrong, and perhaps there is no mid-70th week “split” at all and Daniel’s prophecy continued to completion with the stoning of Stephen (Acts 11) about 3.5 years after the crucifixion of Jesus, at which point the Gospel was then preached shortly thereafter to the Gentiles (cf. Romans 1:16). Or perhaps it’s something else entirely. Although the 70 weeks of Daniel can be consecutive from beginning to end, the possibility of a mid-week pause is a strong one in my view. We even find an example of a “mid-pause” in time essentially from a comma. In Luke 4:16-21 when Jesus went into the synagogue and read the prophecy of Isaiah 61:1-3 to proclaim its fulfillment, He stopped mid-way in the prophecy. This is what He fulfilled:

Isaiah 61:1-3, “The Spirit of the Lord GOD [is] upon me; because the LORD hath anointed me to preach good tidings unto the meek; he hath sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and the opening of the prison to [them that are] bound; To proclaim the acceptable year of the LORD [<– Fulfilled |  Not Yet Fulfilled –>], and the day of vengeance of our God; to comfort all that mourn; To appoint unto them that mourn in Zion, to give unto them beauty for ashes, the oil of joy for mourning, the garment of praise for the spirit of heaviness; that they might be called trees of righteousness, the planting of the LORD, that he might be glorified.”

Interestingly, Jesus felt the need to mention something a few verses later in Luke 4:25, stating, “But I tell you truly, many widows were in Israel in the days of Elijah, when the heaven was shut up three years and six months, and there was a great famine throughout all the land.” Could this have been a clue to something? Only God knows. But with respect to the 70th week of Daniel, however, if only the first half is fulfilled then the other half is yet to be fulfilled. But what would that be? The answer should be obvious: the 1260 days / 42 months / time, times and the dividing of time spoken of by the prophet Daniel and John in Revelation.

Like the curtain of the physical temple that was ripped in two from top to bottom (Matthew 27:50-51), the Messiah’s death appears to have caused a separation of the 70th week into two separate periods of 3.5 years. This separation in the middle of the 70th week is again evidenced by the fact that Daniel 9:26 speaks of two subjects, namely, the Messiah and the “people of the prince that shall come.” Even the original Hebrew of Daniel 9:27 again infers that two separate subjects are in view. Contextually, this would have to be the Messiah and “the people of the prince that shall come” per the preceding verse. As Don Henson of Life, Hope & Truth ministries explains, “a careful reading shows that ‘he’ [of verse 27] does not refer to the prince, but rather to the Messiah. Notice the phrase in verse 26 ‘the people of the prince.’ It is not grammatically correct to assign the singular pronoun ‘he’ in verse 27 to the plural ‘people’ in verse 26. If ‘he’ were to refer to the prince, the phrase should have been stated differently: ‘the prince of the people.’ But since the verse refers to the ‘people of the prince,’ the prince is not the proper antecedent of the pronoun. ‘Messiah’ is the only person mentioned in verse 26 that can be the antecedent of the pronoun he. So the phrase ‘he shall confirm a covenant with many for one week’ refers to the Messiah” [1].

Although some English translations do not fully convey this distinction, other translations such as the New King James Version translate the verse more clearly. With that in mind, let us also make note that even though Scripture is inspired, chapter and verse divisions are not. They were later added by men. If those who added verse divisions had therefore separated v. 27 into two separate verses both subjects would be much more obvious for English readers. For instance, here is the NKJV with both subjects separated into their own respective verse:

Daniel 9:27, “Then he shall confirm a covenant with many for one week; But in the middle of the week He shall bring an end to sacrifice and offering.”

Daniel 9:28, “And on the wing of abominations shall be one who makes desolate, Even until the consummation, which is determined, Is poured out on the desolate.”

Of course, in the example above Daniel 9:28 is actually 9:27b, but it serves to highlight the fact that 9:27 in its entirety is not just referring to one subject, but rather to both the Messiah and the “people of the prince that shall come” of the preceding verse. Other translations are careful to make this distinction as well in Daniel 9:27, such as the ESV (“And on the wing of abominations shall come one who makes desolate …”), the NASB (and on the wing of abominations will come one who makes desolate …”), the RSV (“and upon the wing of abominations shall come one who makes desolate …”), the ASV (“and upon the wing of abominations shall come one that maketh desolate …”) as well as a few others. The One who confirms the Covenant is not the Abomination that desolates. Christ confirms the Covenant. Antichrist will set up the Abomination that desolates.

Messiah: Confirming The Promise Of The Covenant

In conclusion, Hebrews 10 explains how Old Testament sacrifices were merely a shadow of what was to come — Messiah — and now through Messiah’s sacrifice the old sacrifices ceased from being offered (10:2) because of the new covenant (10:16) that was confirmed by Christ (Galatians 3:17), through which we learn that Christ is the heir of all the promises. Jesus came “to confirm the promises made to the fathers” (Romans 15:8) and is the Seed of Abraham upon whom the blessings are bestowed, the only One who can “bring in everlasting righteousness” (Daniel 9:24). Galatians 3:14 clearly tells us that receiving the Holy Spirit is fulfillment of the covenant God made with Abraham. And when did we receive the Holy Spirit? After Messiah confirmed the covenant upon His death (Gal 3:17; Matt 26:28; Dan 9:27a; cf. John 16:7).

In all of Scripture we only read of 3.5 prophetic years in the eschaton just prior to the Second Coming of Christ. The “two witnesses” of Revelation 11:3 prophecy for only 3.5 years. During this time the “woman” flees into the wilderness and is fed for those 3.5 years per Revelation 12:6. John again reiterates in Revelation 13:5 that this persecution by the Beast will last for 3.5 years. Daniel calls it a “time of trouble” in Daniel 12:7 and is told by an angel that it lasts for 3.5 years. From the Abomination of Desolation until the end in 12:11 we again have about 3.5 years. Each and every time the prophetic texts only speak of 3.5 years, the time of Antichrist during which time the people of God suffer intense persecution by the Beast, during which time a coalition of Islamic nations gather against Israel for the battle of Gog-Magog, and during which time the Beast and its people incur the chastising wrath of God before their ultimate end. Scripture itself never speaks of a future seven-years of anything. It just doesn’t exist. But it does speak of 3.5 prophetic years repeatedly, which just so happens to be half of Daniel’s 70th week …

Daniel 9:27, “Then he shall confirm a covenant [‘the covenant, that was confirmed before of God in Christ’ (Gal 3:17)] with many [‘this is My blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many’ (Matt 26:28)] for one week; But in the middle of the week He shall bring an end to sacrifice and offering [‘For the law … can never with these same sacrifices … make those who approach perfect. For then would they not have ceased to be offered?’ (Heb 10:1-2)]. [<– Christ | Antichrist –>] And on the wing of abominations shall be one who makes desolate, Even until the consummation, which is determined, Is poured out on the desolate. [‘when you see standing in the holy place ‘the abomination that causes desolation,’ spoken of through the prophet Daniel … then there will be great distress, unequaled from the beginning of the world until now—and never to be equaled again (Matt 25:15,21)].”

Revised 11/19/2013
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  1. ICA
    07/11/2013 at 12:04 AM

    Sharon, “Would you however just clarify the comment ‘457 BC plus 483 years brings us to the year 27 AD’ Why add 457 and 483??? I think you meant 457 from 483???”

    I use the term “add” loosely, because it’s not a simple addition. There is no year “0” in the calendar, so 483 years after 457 BC brings us to 27 AD.

    Sharon, “Do you then personally believe the calculation starts at 457BC?”

    Personally, yes. It’s the one that makes the most sense to me (see below).

    Sharon, “If you believe that the 70th week started at the beginning of the ministry of Jesus what makes you sure the calculation must be taken from that verse in Ezra 7:13 apart from the fact that the years add to 483? … I can accept this is the starting point just wanted more to go on!”

    The decree of Artaxerxes in 457 BC is the best of the four separate decrees we find in Scripture and is, in my opinion, a sound logical deduction (the others are either too early or too late) since this one lines up perfectly with the prophecy. Daniel wrote in 9:25 that “From the time the word goes out to restore and rebuild Jerusalem until the Anointed One [Messiah], the ruler, comes, there will be seven ‘sevens,’ and sixty-two ‘sevens.’”. Daniel did not say that “from the time the word goes out to restore and rebuild Jerusalem until the Messiah rides into Jerusalem on a donkey” or “until the Messiah is killed”. Jesus had already been well known for a few years prior to His “Triumphal Entry” into Jerusalem. Daniel said “until the Anointed One comes”, which is to say, is made known publicly or is revealed. When did this happen precisely? According to Scripture, it happened the day He was baptized by John the Baptist, when “John saw Jesus coming toward him, and said, ‘Behold! The Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world! This is He of whom I said, ‘After me comes a Man who is preferred before me, for He was before me.'” (John 1:29-30). Notice what John says next: “I myself did not know Him, but the reason I came baptizing with water was that He might be revealed to Israel.” (v 31). And indeed, the Messiah [meaning “the Anointed One”] has now come, “And John bore witness, saying, ‘I saw the Spirit descending from heaven like a dove, and He remained upon Him‘” (v 32). The Anointed One is now revealed to Israel in fulfillment of Daniel 9:25.

    Sharon, “Why do you think the calculation was divided into 1 week then 68 weeks of the 69 weeks? What defines the starting of the first of the 68 weeks? Did it take 7 years for them to actually start the rebuilding of Jerusalem or was the rebuilding actually finished after 7 years?”

    It was divided into 7 weeks and 62 weeks. I would surmise that the first 7 weeks (49 years) is likely the time it took to rebuild the Temple and the city, and the subsequent 62 weeks (434 years) was the time that God allotted to bring about the anointing of Messiah (John 1:29-32) and begin the fulfillment of the final week (7 years) of Daniel’s prophecy.

    Sharon, “Incidentally, with all your internet activity in answering the miriad of comments – do you get time for anything else!!!”

    Not very often! ;)

    God bless …

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    • Sharon
      07/11/2013 at 5:53 AM

      Thank you for your prompt reply. I see now quite clearly how the calculation is 483 years from 457BC to 27AD the year of Messiah being revealed to Israel. It is the best and logical fulfillment of the prophecy of Daniel 9:25 and seems to be right to me – thank you.

      I was rereading Jeremiah 25:11 today, trying to understand again Daniel’s convinction that Israel was to be in captivity 70 years. It struck me Daniel at first possibly did not fully appreciate Israel was in for a terrible time – the “time of Jacob’s trouble” or their whole diaspora history, when he first read Jeremiah’s words though he did understand they would be in captivity for 70 years and those years were almost over so he set about praying and interceeding for them there and then. I then read again his prophecy – 9: 24-27 (written 538 BC) and also read chapter 10:1 (written 5 years later in 533 BC) where he says ” … The message was true, but the appointed time was long; and he understood the message, and had understanding of the vision. In those days I, Daniel, was mourning three full weeks …” I then went back to Jeremiah and read the rest of chapter 25 from verse 12 to the end of the chapter and was astounded to see that what Daniel had read was what made him in 10:1 so astonished that he mourned for three full weeks! Am I wrong in thinking that in the intervening 5 years from 9:27 – 10:1 & 2 he had re-read Jeremiah 25 and was given the understanding of both his 9:24-27 vision and Jeremiah 25:12-38 concerning Israel and her heartaches and tribulations, which shocked him so much. This Jeremiah chapter deals with the Islamic nations around Israel and the judgment to be brought on them in the Day of the Lord. This was the understanding of the terrible beast Daniel had seen in 7:5-8; 23-25; and described again in chapter 11 – the dreadful end-time 4th beast Islamic Empire.

      It must have been AWFUL and HORRIFIC for Daniel as the visions he saw would have made no sense to him in the natural but he knew they concerned his people Israel in the future. However, he was told to “Go your way, Daniel, for the words are closed up and sealed till the time of the end.”

      Even with all this ringing in his mind Daniel would undoubtedly have believed along with Job that he knew his Redeemer lived and that He would stand at last on the earth and that after his skin was destroyed he KNEW in his flesh he would see God. Hallelujah! We are living in those times where the words are being opened!!!

      Very exciting times ICA!

      Sharon

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  2. Anonymous
    09/22/2013 at 11:38 PM

    the first 69 weeks ran together…the messiah was cut off outside the 69 weeks and before the 70th week,,, we see a pause and then the 70th week will start with a covenant… and the man of sin must be revealed and Jesus said to look for the abomination that causes desolation spoken of in Daniel… so I have to say that the Jewish sacrificial system must be restarted…

    If you read Daniel, Revelation, and Matthew 24… you must come up with a pre-warth view of the events

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  3. ICA
    09/23/2013 at 12:00 AM

    Hi Anonymous, thank you for your comment. I have read Daniel, Revelation, Matthew 24 and much more, paying close attention to the text exegetically and hermeneutically, and concluded a post-trib *and* pre-wrath view of the events (see the article titled “Lost in Translation: ‘Not Appointed Unto Wrath’ – What Scripture Is Really Saying” to read what the pre-wrath position of Marvin Rosenthal doesn’t tell you).

    Years ago, I was forced to conclude that based upon all of Scripture the rapture and Second Coming were one and the same, and that Rosenthal’s pre-wrath position — though a very welcomed shift away from pre-tribism — still suffered from many of the same problems inherent to the pre-trib position. For instance, Paul says:

    1 Thess 4:15-17, “For this we say to you by the word of the Lord, that we who are alive [and] remain until the coming of the Lord will by no means precede those who are asleep. For the Lord Himself will descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of an archangel, and with the trumpet of God. And the dead in Christ will rise first. Then we who are alive [and] remain shall be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air. And thus we shall always be with the Lord.”

    Paul is very careful to show us that the dead in Christ are resurrected first, and then those of us who are alive and remain (survive) are caught up with them. We will by no means precede those who are asleep in Christ. The obvious question, therefore, is when does this resurrection happen? John tells us in Revelation:

    Revelation 20:4-5, “And I saw thrones, and they sat on them, and judgment was committed to them. Then [I saw] the souls of those who had been beheaded for their witness to Jesus and for the word of God, who had not worshiped the beast or his image, and had not received [his] mark on their foreheads or on their hands. And they lived and reigned with Christ for a thousand years… This [is] the first resurrection.”

    The dead in Christ that rise first are caught up in the First Resurrection, which is after the tribulation according to John in Rev 20:4-5. The logical implications of the plain and straightforward teachings of the text is undeniable: If the First Resurrection is after the tribulation then there can be no resurrection before the end of the tribulation, and if there is no resurrection before the end of the tribulation then there is therefore no rapture before the end of the tribulation. Pre-tribism (which puts the rapture before a seven-year “tribulation”) and even pre-wrath (which puts the rapture closer to the “middle” of a seven-year tribulation) are impossible. According to Scripture, the rapture can only happen after tribulation.

    The only way for the pre-trib and pre-wrath positions to get around this dilemma is to somehow contend that there are “phases” to the First Resurrection, but when we draw that suggestion out to its logical conclusion it is essentially stating that the rapture takes place before the First Resurrection is even fully completed, yet Scripture is clear that we who are alive and remain will by no means precede those who are asleep in Christ. The dead in Christ rise first, and then we who are alive and remain will be caught up with them. According to Revelation 20:4 there are obviously still those who are dead in Christ at the end of the tribulation who will be raised in the First Resurrection, thus showing us that the rapture and Second Coming are married together as one singular event.

    Additionally, in 1 Thess 4:16-17 Paul says that when Christ descends, the dead in Christ are resurrected to Christ and then we will be caught up to meet Christ and the resurrected saints in the air. The word “meet” is the Greek word “apantesis”, and this word only occurs here and in three other places. In Vocabulary of the Greek Testament by G. Milligan and James Hope Moulton, “The word apantesis seems to have been a kind of official welcome of a newly arriving dignitary – a usage which accords excellently with its NT usage.” In Matthew 25:1,6 it describes the virgins going out to meet the bridegroom, to escort him back into the house. In Acts 28:14-16 it is used to describe brethren from Rome coming out to Appii Foru, to meet Paul and his company, and then escort them back to Rome. In each example of “apantesis”, the escort back is virtually immediate. We don’t have them going out to meet the subject, then going to where the subject came from for months or years, and then escorting the subject back. That was not the custom. The subject who was coming is met by those who are already at his destination. And what is His destination? Where we are — earth. When Christ comes back to Earth, we will go out to meet him, we will remain in the air briefly until the indignation (“orge” wrath) is complete, and where ever He goes, we go, and He is going to Jerusalem to set His feet upon the Mount of Olives.

    Zech 14:4-5, “And in that day His feet will stand on the Mount of Olives, Which faces Jerusalem on the east. And the Mount of Olives shall be split in two, From east to west, [Making] a very large valley; Half of the mountain shall move toward the north And half of it toward the south. Then you shall flee [through] My mountain valley, For the mountain valley shall reach to Azal. Yes, you shall flee As you fled from the earthquake In the days of Uzziah king of Judah. Thus the LORD my God will come, [And] all the saints with You.

    In Greek culture the word “apantesis” had a technical meaning to describe the visits of dignitaries to cities where the visitor would be formally met by the citizens, or a deputation of them, who had gone out from the city for this purpose and would then be ceremonially escorted back into the city. Apantesis was often used to suggest the meeting of a dignitary or king, a famous person, describing people rushing to meet the one who was coming. For instance, when a Roman emperor approached a city, the leading citizens went out to welcome him and had the honor of processing into the city with him. This whole event was described as the “apantesis.”

    Apantesis from apantáo from apó = from + antáo = to come opposite to, to meet especially to meet face to face describes a meeting especially a meeting of two who are coming from different directions.

    What is Scripture saying? It is saying that we are not removed from the Earth to conveniently go to Heaven for a relaxing vacation while all hell breaks loose down below. Those of us who are alive and remain (the Greek word means those who survive) are transformed from corruptible to incorruptible, and we are caught up to meet the Lord in the air per the “apantesis”, which means that we escort Christ back to earth — ie. Jerusalem — which is consistent with its usage in each of the other verses of Scripture. Other positions aside from post-trib suddenly change the intended meaning of the word. Instead of us escorting Jesus back to Earth for His Second Coming, they have us conveniently going to Heaven instead, which the text does not say anywhere, at any place, at any time.

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  4. ICA
    11/19/2013 at 5:36 PM

    Article updated to highlight the distinction of both subjects in verses 26 and 27 and to expand on a few thoughts.

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  5. 11/29/2013 at 8:21 PM

    What took place between the 69th and 70th week…is the annulling of the covenant with death and the bringing in of the gentiles and ten tribes.

    14Therefore hear the word of the Lord, you scoffers
    who rule this people in Jerusalem.

    15You boast, “We have entered into a covenant with death,
    with the realm of the dead we have made an agreement.
    When an overwhelming scourge sweeps by,
    it cannot touch us,
    for we have made a lie our refuge
    and falsehood our hiding place.”

    16So this is what the Sovereign Lord says:

    “See, I lay a stone in Zion, a tested stone,
    a precious cornerstone for a sure foundation;
    the one who relies on it
    will never be stricken with panic.

    17I will make justice the measuring line
    and righteousness the plumb line;
    hail will sweep away your refuge, the lie,
    and water will overflow your hiding place.

    18Your covenant with death will be annulled;
    your agreement with the realm of the dead will not stand.
    When the overwhelming scourge sweeps by,
    you will be beaten down by it.

    19As often as it comes it will carry you away;
    morning after morning, by day and by night,
    it will sweep through.”
    The understanding of this message
    will bring sheer terror.

    20The bed is too short to stretch out on,
    the blanket too narrow to wrap around you.

    21The Lord will rise up as he did at Mount Perazim,
    he will rouse himself as in the Valley of Gibeon—
    to do his work, his strange work,
    and perform his task, his alien task.

    22Now stop your mocking,
    or your chains will become heavier;
    the Lord, the Lord Almighty, has told me
    of the destruction decreed against the whole land.

    23Listen and hear my voice; pay attention and hear what I say. Isaiah 28

    The 2000 year “pause” was no pause at all …and when it was finished…God saved the tents of Judah first just as He said…in 1948 “a nation was born in a day” and they caused “the desert to bloom” and no one has been able to drive them out.

    14So the angel who was speaking with me said to me, “Proclaim, saying, ‘Thus says the LORD of hosts, “I am exceedingly jealous for Jerusalem and Zion. 15″But I am very angry with the nations who are at ease; for while I was only a little angry, they furthered the disaster.” 16’Therefore thus says the LORD, “I will return to Jerusalem with compassion; My house will be built in it,” declares the LORD of hosts, “and a measuring line will be stretched over Jerusalem.” ◄ Zechariah 1:15 ►

    7″The LORD also will save the tents of Judah first, so that the glory of the house of David and the glory of the inhabitants of Jerusalem will not be magnified above Judah. 8″In that day the LORD will defend the inhabitants of Jerusalem, and the one who is feeble among them in that day will be like David, and the house of David will be like God, like the angel of the LORD before them. ◄ Zechariah 12:7 ►

    Can we really dismiss the fact that Israel…Judah…is a nation born in a day…and the desert that was a waste land…blooms so that its feeds even Europe?

    Is it really a coincidence that Israel-Judah…has been back in the land 66 yrs come May 2014? And that with everything going on today….in 2018…they will have been in the land 70 yrs…even tho the world conspires against them…especially their neighbors?

    12Then the angel of the Lord said, “Lord Almighty, how long will you withhold mercy from Jerusalem and from the towns of Judah, which you have been angry with these seventy years?” 13So the Lord spoke kind and comforting words to the angel who talked with me.

    14Then the angel who was speaking to me said, “Proclaim this word: This is what the Lord Almighty says: ‘I am very jealous for Jerusalem and Zion, 15and I am very angry with the nations that feel secure. I was only a little angry, but they went too far with the punishment.’

    16“Therefore this is what the Lord says: ‘I will return to Jerusalem with mercy, and there my house will be rebuilt. And the measuring line will be stretched out over Jerusalem,’ declares the Lord Almighty.

    17“Proclaim further: This is what the Lord Almighty says: ‘My towns will again overflow with prosperity, and the Lord will again comfort Zion and choose Jerusalem.’ ”

    Four Horns and Four Craftsmen

    18Then I looked up, and there before me were four horns.
    19I asked the angel who was speaking to me, “What are these?”

    He answered me, “These are the horns that scattered *Judah, *Israel and *Jerusalem.”

    20Then the Lord showed me four craftsmen.
    21I asked, “What are these coming to do?”

    Notice above it says the horns scattered.. Israel( ten tribes/ Ephraim) AND Judah AND Jerusalem….Assyria scattered Israel-Ephraim…Babylon scattered Judah…Rome and Edom/Syria scattered Jerusalem and destroyed the temple.

    But this last verse…only mentions Judah…and the horns that are troubling him.

    He answered, “These are> the horns that scattered > *Judah so that no one could raise their head,

    but the craftsmen have come to terrify them and throw down these horns of the nations who lifted up their horns against the land of Judah to scatter its people.”
    ◄ Zechariah 1 ►

    Today…Just as Zech 12 says…Judah is restored/returned…but not Jerusalem or Israel-Ephraim.
    7 “The LORD also will save the tents of Judah first, so that the glory of the house of David and the glory of the inhabitants of Jerusalem will not be magnified above Judah

    Like

  6. Jason
    12/11/2013 at 7:28 PM

    Indeed, there is no 7-year Anti-Christ peace treaty nor a 7-year tribulation. Its always been 3.5 years repeatedly mentioned which Dan 9 corroborates. Not easy to find this position being held nor a sound explanation of it online, and am glad to have read this, a perspective Ive always considered. God bless!

    Like

  7. Chris
    02/08/2014 at 1:17 PM

    HI there!
    After much prayer and study, I remain in agreement with the original post on this thread. A number of years ago, read this book by Jerome Gerbasi: “Prophetic Harmony of the Lamp of God” (available free pdf link attached). It’s phenomenal and would challenge you all to check it out. God’s parallels with overlaying his 7 feast holy days on the menorah is terrific. Regarding all the details of God’s return, let us each be humbled, loving, active in growing/producing the fruits of the spirit and being hopeful and joyful as the world gets darker. Best, -C

    http://tinyurl.com/ml4ykw6

    Like

    • Anonymous
      02/08/2014 at 10:57 PM

      Thank you Chris. I just printed this book today and have just read the titles of each section and am so glad I printed it. woo woo Church age in the midst of the week and only 3 1/2 years left to be fulfilled. When I read those 2 titles I knew I didn’t waste my printing paper lol. The good Lord showed me this a few years ago but not many teach this. nite…. going to start reading it now. :-) Best way to fall to sleep keeping my mind on HIM!!!!!

      Like

  8. Anonymous
    09/15/2014 at 8:35 AM

    Where does this 2,300 days of Daniel 8:14 fit with the theory that Jesus confirmed the covenant of Daniel 9:27? “And he said unto me, Unto two thousand and three hundred days; then shall the sanctuary be cleansed.” Daniel 8:14

    Like

  9. Max
    11/09/2015 at 3:59 PM

    Since Daniel’s 70th week was to complete the santification of his people could not the 70th week have been the 2,300 evenings and mornings and evenings which closely matches the holocaust and preceeded the 1335 day when the blessing came. It was exactly 1335 years to the day from Mohammed’s death to the recovery of the temple site. And about 1290 to the rise of Hitler. Jesus referred to the A of D as it, not him. The Mosque of the Prophet is an abomination and was followed by great persecution.

    Like

  10. max
    12/16/2015 at 4:40 PM

    Too many comments to look at every one as some are off topic but it makes sense that Dan 9:27 is referring to a past event. I personally believe that the Abomination of Desolation is the Mosque of the prophet celebrating his death on 9/8/622. Note that the blessing of recovery of the mount occurred 1335 years later to the day 9/7/67. An amazing coincidence? Jesus said the A of D was a it and preceded the time of the Gentiles. I believe the time of the Gentiles preceded 1967. Love to discuss as my interpretation of prophesy was not inspired by the Catholic church and even good Baptists are influenced by interpretation arrived at before the seals were broken.

    What gives me pause is that between the 1290th year and the 1335th year the Jew suffered the 2300 days of suffering spoken of by Daniel. Could this not be the week cut short for the sake of the elect and also the 70th week of Daniel?

    My concern is that Christians waiting for a peace treaty, a temple and resumption of animal sacrifices are actually setting non dates and may not recognize the warning signs

    Like

  11. 05/24/2017 at 12:50 AM

    I am Greek, and the words ORGY and THYMOS do not mean the same thing. ORGY means “wrath”, and THYMOS means “anger”

    Like

  12. 05/24/2017 at 12:56 AM

    What is the difference between Wrath and Anger?

    • Anger is a strong feeling of displeasure that all individuals feel when they are hurt or challenged. It is quite normal to feel angry.

    • Wrath is an extreme form of anger, which is destructive as well as vindictive. This can lead the person to engage in extremely destructive behavior towards others and even self.

    • Unlike Anger, Wrath is considered one of the seven deadly sins.

    • Anger is natural, but Wrath is unnatural.

    • In anger, the individual is aware of what is right and wrong, but in wrath the individual loses his sense of morality as he is overcome by hatred.

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  1. 02/27/2015 at 5:29 AM

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